SOCIAL WELFARE SYSTEM
In Japan, social welfare system for foreigners differs depending on kinds of status of residence in Japan. There are also services for everyone regardless of resident status.
The Social Insurance Agency (ΠοΫ―‘ Shakaihoken-chō) was an agency administered by the Ministry of Health, Labor, and Welfare. After a scandal involving millions of lost pension records, on January 1, 2010 it was abolished and replaced by the Japan Pension Service It was responsible for four types of social insurance
· Employeesf Health Insurance
· Seamens' Insurance
· Employeesf Pension Insurance
· The National Pension.
1. Selfemplyee or no-jobs
@ the National helth insurance
National Health Insurance (―NΫ― Kokumin-Kenkō-Hoken?) is one of the two major types of insurance programs available in Japan. The other is Employees' Health Insurance (NΫ― Kenkō-Hoken?). National Health insurance is designed for people who are not eligible to be members of any employment-based health insurance program. Although private insurance is also available, all Japanese citizens, permanent residents, and any non-Japanese residing in Japan with a visa lasting three months or longer are required to be enrolled in either National Health Insurance or Employees' Health Insurance. On July 9, 2012, the alien registration system is abolished and foreigners also join the candidate for application of the Law of the Basic Resident Registers. The foreigner who resides exceeding three months need to have national health insurance joined. KokuminKenkouHoken It is defined by the National Health Care Act of 1958.
A the National pension
The Japanese Kokumin Nenkin (―Nΰ?) national pension is a pension system that all registered residents of Japan, both Japanese and foreign, are required to enroll in. Since January 1, 2010 it has been managed by the Japan Pension Service.
2. Employee Pension & Insurance Plan
1. Pay roll tax & Pension & Insurance
In Japan, the payroll tax (withholding tacx) & pention & helth insurance is usually withheld from the monthly salary. Withholding tax called ggennsenncyousyu zeih.
gEmployees' Health Insurance System and Employees' Pension Insurance System Employeesf Health Insurance (EHI) and Employeesf Pension Insurance (EPI) are designed to help stabilize the living of workers at companies and other organizations who pay income-based premiums, in case of an emergency.Coverage under Employeesf Health Insurance and Employeesf Pension Insurance is compulsory by law, and not something that individual workers and business owners arbitrarily sign a contract for or participate in.Employeesf Health Insurance and Employeesf Pension Insurance policies are therefore purchased for each business entity, and business owners share the cost of premiums with their employees and must pay the premiums and purchase the policies for their employees.h